Foods To Balance Out Your Hormones

Foods To Balance Out Your Hormones

Hormonal balance plays a crucial role in overall health, affecting everything from mood and energy levels to metabolism and reproductive health. Among the key hormones influencing women's health are oestrogen and progesterone. An imbalance in these hormones can lead to various health issues, including menstrual irregularities, infertility, mood swings, and more. While medical interventions exist, incorporating certain foods into your diet can also support the delicate balance between oestrogen and progesterone. In this article, we delve into the scientific research behind foods that can help optimise the oestrogen-progesterone ratio.

Understanding Oestrogen and Progesterone

Oestrogen and progesterone are two primary female sex hormones produced mainly in the ovaries. Oestrogen, particularly estradiol, is responsible for the development and regulation of the female reproductive system, including the menstrual cycle and secondary sexual characteristics. Progesterone, on the other hand, prepares the uterus for pregnancy and helps maintain a healthy pregnancy.

Maintaining an optimal balance between these hormones is essential for women's health. However, various factors such as stress, diet, lifestyle, and environmental toxins can disrupt this delicate balance, leading to oestrogen dominance or progesterone deficiency. Oestrogen dominance occurs when oestrogen levels are high relative to progesterone, which can contribute to symptoms like PMS, irregular periods, and fibroids. Conversely, low progesterone levels can result in symptoms such as infertility, miscarriages, and mood disorders.

Fortunately, adopting a diet rich in specific nutrients and phytochemicals can help support hormonal balance by promoting oestrogen metabolism and progesterone production.

Foods to Support Oestrogen-Progesterone Balance


  1. Cruciferous Vegetables:

Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, kale, and Brussels sprouts contain compounds called indole-3-carbinol (I3C) and sulforaphane, which support oestrogen metabolism. These compounds help the body metabolise oestrogen into less potent forms, reducing the risk of oestrogen dominance.

  1. Flaxseeds:

Flaxseeds are rich in lignans, plant compounds with estrogenic properties that can help balance hormone levels. Lignans also have antioxidant properties and may help reduce the risk of breast cancer. Incorporating ground flaxseeds into your diet can support oestrogen metabolism and promote hormonal balance.

  1. Chasteberry (Vitex agnus-castus):

Chasteberry, also known as Vitex, is a traditional herbal remedy used to support female reproductive health. Research suggests that chasteberry may help regulate the menstrual cycle and increase progesterone levels by acting on the pituitary gland. Consuming chasteberry as a supplement or tea may help support progesterone production and balance oestrogen levels.

  1. Wild-Caught Fish:

Cold-water fish such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties and support hormone production. Omega-3 fatty acids help reduce inflammation in the body, which can contribute to hormonal imbalances. Including wild-caught fish in your diet can support overall hormone health.

  1. Organic Soy Products:

Soy products like tofu, tempeh, and edamame contain isoflavones, plant compounds with weak estrogenic activity. While there is some controversy surrounding soy and its effects on hormone balance, moderate consumption of organic, non-GMO soy products may offer benefits for women's health. Isoflavones in soy may help modulate oestrogen levels and alleviate symptoms of menopause.

  1. Berries:

Berries such as strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries are rich in antioxidants and phytochemicals that support overall health, including hormone balance. Berries contain flavonoids and polyphenols that help reduce oxidative stress and inflammation in the body, which can affect hormone production and metabolism.

  1. Pumpkin Seeds:

Pumpkin seeds are a good source of zinc, a mineral essential for hormone production and metabolism. Zinc plays a crucial role in the synthesis of progesterone and other hormones involved in the menstrual cycle. Incorporating pumpkin seeds into your diet can help support progesterone levels and hormonal balance.

  1. Avocado:

Avocado is a nutrient-dense fruit rich in healthy fats, fibre, and vitamins. It also contains vitamin E, a potent antioxidant that supports hormone health. Vitamin E helps reduce oxidative stress and inflammation in the body, which can impact oestrogen and progesterone levels. Including avocado in your diet can support overall hormone balance.

  1. Whole Grains:

Whole grains such as brown rice, quinoa, and oats provide complex carbohydrates, fibre, and essential nutrients that support hormone production and metabolism. Fibre-rich foods help regulate blood sugar levels and promote the excretion of excess hormones from the body. Consuming whole grains as part of a balanced diet can support oestrogen-progesterone balance.

  1. Nuts:

Nuts like almonds, walnuts, and pistachios are rich in healthy fats, protein, and micronutrients that support hormone health. They also contain magnesium, a mineral that plays a crucial role in hormone production and regulation. Magnesium helps support progesterone levels and may help alleviate symptoms of PMS and menopause.


Achieving and maintaining hormonal balance is essential for women's health and well-being. While various factors can influence hormone levels, including diet can play a significant role in supporting oestrogen-progesterone balance. Incorporating nutrient-rich foods such as cruciferous vegetables, flaxseeds, chasteberry, wild-caught fish, soy products, berries, pumpkin seeds, avocado, whole grains, and nuts can help promote optimal hormone production and metabolism. By making informed dietary choices and adopting a balanced lifestyle, women can support their hormonal health and reduce the risk of hormonal imbalances and associated health issues.